RINO is a collaborative research project between the University of Bergen (UiB), the Norwegian National Research Ethics Committees (FEK), and the Western Norway University of Applied Sciences (HVL).

The first goal of the project has been to map out the extent of, attitudes towards and knowledge of Falsification, Fabrication, and Plagiarism (FFP) and Questionable Research Practises (QRP) within Norwegian Universities, Colleges and independent research institutes. 

Download the report here (pdf).

The main findings in the report can be summarised as follows:

• We find a high degree of normative consensus in relation to FFP issues. The clear majority consider such practices to be very problematic.
• The more serious a practice is considered to be, the less common it is for researchers to have either observed colleagues engaging in such practices or for researchers to have engaged in it themselves.
• There is also a normative consensus with regard to QRPs, with a few exceptions, but not to the same extent as for FFP. A higher proportion consider QRPs to be somewhat problematic or not problematic at all.
• A ranking based on the mean assessed severity shows a clear hierarchy, where falsification, fabrication and plagiarism are considered to be the most serious practices, and strategic citation and strategically breaking up results into different publications (salami slicing) to be the least serious.
• A comparison shows some disparities between the disciplines, but these are not extensive. The variation within the disciplines is clearly greater than the variation between the disciplines.
• A majority report having received no training in research ethics, or only one day of training or less. Additionally, only a very small minority report that they have no knowledge of research ethics guidelines or the principles for rightful authorship.
• There is relatively little knowledge on what procedures to be followed when reporting suspected research misconduct.

The next part of the project will seek insight into certain institutional and cultural factors that might promote good research ethical culture. Read more about RINO on the project website.