14 Researchers must acknowledge the economic and cultural value of other forms of knowledge.

Researchers who directly use or build their research on other kinds of knowledge, have an obligation to acknowledge both the economic and the cultural value of this knowledge. Where such research results in financial gains, a fair and equitable share of the gain should benefit the bearers of the traditional knowledge. The traditional knowledge of indigenous peoples has particularly strong protection against unreasonable exploitation through international conventions such as the Nagoya Protocol.[6]

15 Where relevant, researchers should engage in dialogue with other knowledge-bearers.

Local and traditional knowledge arise from experience. Although these forms of knowledge do not necessarily meet the usual standards for scientific knowledge, they may be an important supplement to understanding the nature, environment, and living conditions of particular populations and local communities. It is therefore important for researchers to enter into a dialogue with the bearers of this knowledge, not least in applied research, which can potentially impact local communities and their living conditions. International organisations have placed particular emphasis on the need to respect and use the traditional knowledge of indigenous peoples in environmental research. This implies that when scientific knowledge or technology is applied, researchers should be open to utilising relevant kinds of knowledge.

16 Research should involve the affected parties where relevant.

Researchers must use appropriate methods to ensure that the affected parties are involved.

Citizen participation may provide a democratic corrective to choices as to what research should focus on and be aimed at. The participation of users, citizens, and other social actors is laid down in a series of international conventions, including the Aarhus Convention.[7]

[6] The following is a link to the Protocol. https://www.cbd.int/abs/doc/protocol/nagoya-protocol-en.pdf

[7] http://www.unece.org/fileadmin/DAM/env/pp/documents/cep43e.pdf