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  1. Guidelines drawn up by The Norwegian National Research Ethics Committee for medical and health research (NEM)

    Guidelines drawn up by The Norwegian National Research Ethics Committee for medical and health research (NEM) The work of the medical research ethics committees is based on international conventions such as the Declaration of Helsinki and the

    /Ethical guidelines for research/Medical and health research/Guidelines drawn up by The Norwegian National Research Ethics Committee for medical and health research (NEM)/

  2. Summary

    Summary Research ethics The concept of "research ethics" refers to a broad set of standards, values, and institutional arrangements that contribute to constituting and regulating research activities. These include the duty of honesty in

    /Ethical guidelines for research/Guidelines for research ethics in science and technology/Summary/

  3. Research ethics

    These guidelines are about standards of good research practice. They provide an expression of ethical standards to which the research community is committed. Some of these guidelines are also to be found in legislation: for example, the protection

    /Ethical guidelines for research/Guidelines for research ethics in science and technology/Research ethics/

  4. Scientific integrity, truthfulness and accountability

    The next guidelines concern the exercise of research ethics through good scientific practice. Scientific integrity, truthfulness and accountability 4 Researchers are responsible for conducting high-quality research characterised by scientific

    /Ethical guidelines for research/Guidelines for research ethics in science and technology/Scientific integrity, truthfulness and accountability/

  5. Uncertainty, risk, and the precautionary principle

    Research may have far-reaching consequences for health, society, or the environment. It is therefore important that the uncer-tainty and risk that are often accompanying factors when research becomes practical and concrete, are not neglected, and

    /Ethical guidelines for research/Guidelines for research ethics in science and technology/Uncertainty, risk, and the precautionary principle/

  6. Protection of research subjects

    Research that involves research subjects raises special requirements regarding respect for the individual subject.[4] Protection of research subjects 10 Researchers must respect the requirement of freely given, informed consent When research

    /Ethical guidelines for research/Guidelines for research ethics in science and technology/Protection of research subjects/

  7. The relationship between research and other knowledge-bearers and forms of knowledge

    There are a multitude of types of knowledge in all societies. Professionals as well as laypeople have different kinds of experience-based knowledge. Individuals and local communities may possess specific <i>local knowledge. Traditional

    /Ethical guidelines for research/Guidelines for research ethics in science and technology/The relationship between research and other knowledge-bearers and forms of knowledge/

  8. Proposed scientific oath

    The research ethics guidelines should be well known in research communities and should especially reach those who are newly recruited into the research community. The guidelines mean that the individual researcher makes a personal commitment. We

    /Ethical guidelines for research/Guidelines for research ethics in science and technology/Proposed scientific oath/

  9. Preface

    The three National Research Ethics Committees (NEM, NENT and NESH) were established in 1990, based on the Proposition to the Storting No. 28 (1988–1989) Om forskning. In 2007, the Research Ethics Act provided a legal mandate for the three

    /Ethical guidelines for research/Guidelines for Research Ethics in the Social Sciences, Humanities, Law and Theology/Preface/

  10. A) Research, society and ethics

    A) Research, society and ethics 1 Norms and values of research Researchers are obliged to comply with recognised norms of research ethics. Research is a quest for new and improved or deeper insight. It is a systematic and socially organised

    /Ethical guidelines for research/Guidelines for Research Ethics in the Social Sciences, Humanities, Law and Theology/A) Research, society and ethics/

  11. B) Respect for individuals

    B) Respect for individuals 5 Human dignity Researchers must base their work on a fundamental respect for human dignity. Human dignity is closely linked to individual inviolability. Respect for human dignity and personal integrity is formalised and

    /Ethical guidelines for research/Guidelines for Research Ethics in the Social Sciences, Humanities, Law and Theology/B) Respect for individuals/

  12. F) Dissemination of research

    F) Dissemination of research 41 Dissemination as an academic responsibility Researchers and research institutions are obliged to disseminate scientific knowledge to a broader audience outside the research community. Dissemination of research

    /Ethical guidelines for research/Guidelines for Research Ethics in the Social Sciences, Humanities, Law and Theology/F) Dissemination of research/

  13. Introduction

    Introduction The nature of the internet and the rapid pace of change are giving rise to new and distinctive questions, obliging researchers to reflect on different, often conflicting considerations and norms in research ethics. In 2014, the

    /Ethical guidelines for research/Ethical Guidelines for Internet Research/Introduction/

  14. 1. Public or private?

    1. Public or private? According to the NESH's Guidelines, researchers can in general use material from open forums freely without obtaining consent from the parties covered by the information (point 8). This must always be balanced against

    /Ethical guidelines for research/Ethical Guidelines for Internet Research/1. Public or private?/

  15. 3. Children's right to protection

    3. Children's right to protection Children and youths are valuable informants, and are entitled to be heard, also in the context of research. This also applies to Internet research on children and youths. Such research raises special challenges

    /Ethical guidelines for research/Ethical Guidelines for Internet Research/3. Children's right to protection/

  16. 4. Personal data, confidentiality and anonymity

    4. Personal data, confidentiality and anonymity NESH's Guidelines stipulate that researchers must treat all information about private matters confidentially. The material must usually be anonymised to protect privacy and to prevent harm and

    /Ethical guidelines for research/Ethical Guidelines for Internet Research/4. Personal data, confidentiality and anonymity/

  17. 6. Use of quotes from the Internet

    6. Use of quotes from the Internet Research on/using the Internet can also use quotes. Quotes are understood here in a broader sense, and may include data feeds, location data, photos, videos, etc. When using quotes from the Internet in

    /Ethical guidelines for research/Ethical Guidelines for Internet Research/6. Use of quotes from the Internet/

  18. References

    References Association of Internet Researchers (AOIR), “Ethical Decision-Making and Internet Research”, Recommendations from the AoIR Ethics Working Committee (Version 2.0) Elgesem, Dag: “What is special about the ethical issues in online

    /Ethical guidelines for research/Ethical Guidelines for Internet Research/References/

  19. Methods and approaches

    Methods and approaches

    /The Research Ethics Library/Introduction/Methods and approaches/

  20. Integrity and collegiality

    Integrity and collegiality

    /The Research Ethics Library/Topics/Integrity and collegiality/

  21. Authorship and co-authorship

    Authorship and co-authorship

    /The Research Ethics Library/Topics/Authorship and co-authorship/

  22. Research on particular groups

    Research on particular groups

    /The Research Ethics Library/Topics/Research on particular groups/

  23. Research on human biological material

    Research on human biological material

    /The Research Ethics Library/Topics/Research on human biological material/

  24. Legal statutes and guidelines

    Legal statutes and guidelines

    /The Research Ethics Library/Practical information/Legal statutes and guidelines/

  25. References

    References

    /The Research Ethics Library/Resources/References/