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  1. Uncertainty, risk, and the precautionary principle

    Research may have far-reaching consequences for health, society, or the environment. It is therefore important that the uncer-tainty and risk that are often accompanying factors when research becomes practical and concrete, are not neglected, and

    /Ethical guidelines for research/Guidelines for research ethics in science and technology/Uncertainty, risk, and the precautionary principle/

  2. Protection of research subjects

    Research that involves research subjects raises special requirements regarding respect for the individual subject.[4] Protection of research subjects 10 Researchers must respect the requirement of freely given, informed consent When research

    /Ethical guidelines for research/Guidelines for research ethics in science and technology/Protection of research subjects/

  3. The relationship between research and other knowledge-bearers and forms of knowledge

    There are a multitude of types of knowledge in all societies. Professionals as well as laypeople have different kinds of experience-based knowledge. Individuals and local communities may possess specific <i>local knowledge. Traditional

    /Ethical guidelines for research/Guidelines for research ethics in science and technology/The relationship between research and other knowledge-bearers and forms of knowledge/

  4. Proposed scientific oath

    The research ethics guidelines should be well known in research communities and should especially reach those who are newly recruited into the research community. The guidelines mean that the individual researcher makes a personal commitment. We

    /Ethical guidelines for research/Guidelines for research ethics in science and technology/Proposed scientific oath/

  5. Preface

    The three National Research Ethics Committees (NEM, NENT and NESH) were established in 1990, based on the Proposition to the Storting No. 28 (1988–1989) Om forskning. In 2007, the Research Ethics Act provided a legal mandate for the three

    /Ethical guidelines for research/Guidelines for Research Ethics in the Social Sciences, Humanities, Law and Theology/Preface/

  6. A) Research, society and ethics

    A) Research, society and ethics 1 Norms and values of research Researchers are obliged to comply with recognised norms of research ethics. Research is a quest for new and improved or deeper insight. It is a systematic and socially organised

    /Ethical guidelines for research/Guidelines for Research Ethics in the Social Sciences, Humanities, Law and Theology/A) Research, society and ethics/

  7. B) Respect for individuals

    B) Respect for individuals 5 Human dignity Researchers must base their work on a fundamental respect for human dignity. Human dignity is closely linked to individual inviolability. Respect for human dignity and personal integrity is formalised and

    /Ethical guidelines for research/Guidelines for Research Ethics in the Social Sciences, Humanities, Law and Theology/B) Respect for individuals/

  8. F) Dissemination of research

    F) Dissemination of research 41 Dissemination as an academic responsibility Researchers and research institutions are obliged to disseminate scientific knowledge to a broader audience outside the research community. Dissemination of research

    /Ethical guidelines for research/Guidelines for Research Ethics in the Social Sciences, Humanities, Law and Theology/F) Dissemination of research/

  9. Introduction

    Introduction The nature of the internet and the rapid pace of change are giving rise to new and distinctive questions, obliging researchers to reflect on different, often conflicting considerations and norms in research ethics. In 2014, the

    /Ethical guidelines for research/Ethical Guidelines for Internet Research/Introduction/

  10. 1. Public or private?

    1. Public or private? According to the NESH's Guidelines, researchers can in general use material from open forums freely without obtaining consent from the parties covered by the information (point 8). This must always be balanced against

    /Ethical guidelines for research/Ethical Guidelines for Internet Research/1. Public or private?/

  11. 3. Children's right to protection

    3. Children's right to protection Children and youths are valuable informants, and are entitled to be heard, also in the context of research. This also applies to Internet research on children and youths. Such research raises special challenges

    /Ethical guidelines for research/Ethical Guidelines for Internet Research/3. Children's right to protection/

  12. 4. Personal data, confidentiality and anonymity

    4. Personal data, confidentiality and anonymity NESH's Guidelines stipulate that researchers must treat all information about private matters confidentially. The material must usually be anonymised to protect privacy and to prevent harm and

    /Ethical guidelines for research/Ethical Guidelines for Internet Research/4. Personal data, confidentiality and anonymity/

  13. 6. Use of quotes from the Internet

    6. Use of quotes from the Internet Research on/using the Internet can also use quotes. Quotes are understood here in a broader sense, and may include data feeds, location data, photos, videos, etc. When using quotes from the Internet in

    /Ethical guidelines for research/Ethical Guidelines for Internet Research/6. Use of quotes from the Internet/

  14. References

    References Association of Internet Researchers (AOIR), “Ethical Decision-Making and Internet Research”, Recommendations from the AoIR Ethics Working Committee (Version 2.0) Elgesem, Dag: “What is special about the ethical issues in online

    /Ethical guidelines for research/Ethical Guidelines for Internet Research/References/

  15. Methods and approaches

    Methods and approaches

    /The Research Ethics Library/Introduction/Methods and approaches/

  16. Integrity and collegiality

    Integrity and collegiality

    /The Research Ethics Library/Topics/Integrity and collegiality/

  17. Authorship and co-authorship

    Authorship and co-authorship

    /The Research Ethics Library/Topics/Authorship and co-authorship/

  18. Research on particular groups

    Research on particular groups

    /The Research Ethics Library/Topics/Research on particular groups/

  19. Research on human biological material

    Research on human biological material

    /The Research Ethics Library/Topics/Research on human biological material/

  20. Legal statutes and guidelines

    Legal statutes and guidelines

    /The Research Ethics Library/Practical information/Legal statutes and guidelines/

  21. References

    References

    /The Research Ethics Library/Resources/References/

  22. "Don’t let transparency damage science"

    "Don’t let transparency damage science" This was the take home message from prof Stephan Lewandowsky at our open meeting on open science. The meeting took place in Oslo in the end of February. This is a summary of the presentations given.

    /News/News archive/2018/"Don’t let transparency damage science"/

  23. Open meeting on open science

    There are pressing research ethical challenges with some aspects of openness in science. The Norwegian National Research Ethics Committees is hosting an open meeting on open science in the end of February. Most of the meeting will be in

    /News/News archive/2018/Open meeting on open science/

  24. The Research Ethics Library – new online resource for research ethics education

    The Research Ethics Library – new online resource for research ethics education The Research Ethics Library is an online resource for research ethics education. This web-based collection offers more than 80 articles written by experts on all

    /News/News archive/2016/The Research Ethics Library – new online resource for research ethics education/

  25. Objects with a dubious or disputed provenance

    Objects with a dubious or disputed provenance In times of war and armed conflict, the question of illicit trade in cultural heritage becomes particularly relevant and poignant. In many areas of the world, for instance the Middle East, cultural

    /The Research Ethics Library/Topics/Particular problem areas/Objects with a dubious or disputed provenance/